Diversification of complex butterfly wing patterns by repeated regulatory evolution of a Wnt ligand

Martin A., R. Papa, N. J. Nadeau, R. I. Hill, B. A. Counterman, G. Halder, C. D. Jiggins, M. R. Kronforst, A. D. Long, W. O. McMillan and R. D. Reed. 2012. Diversification of complex butterfly wing patterns by repeated regulatory evolution of a Wnt ligand.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109: 12632-12637.

optix drives the repeated convergent evolution of butterfly wing pattern mimicry

Reed, R. D., R. Papa, A. Martin, H. M. Hines, B. A. Counterman, C. Pardo-Diaz, C. D. Jiggins, N. L. Chamberlain, M. R. Kronforst, R. Chen, G. Halder, H. F. Nijhout, and W. O. McMillan. 2011.  optix drives the repeated convergent evolution of butterfly wing pattern mimicry.  Science 333: 1137-1141.  Science Perspective  New York Times  F1000 Opinions